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 ple.platoweb.com  Open market operations is a way of controlling the money supply by selling or buying government securities (government securities). If you want to increase the money supply, the government will buy government securities. However, if you want the amount of money in circulation is reduced, then the government will sell government securities to the public. Government securities, among others, include the SBI or the abbreviation of Bank Indonesia Certificates and SBPU or stands on money market securities.

    
The discount facility (Discount Rate)

Discount facility is setting the amount of money in circulation by playing the central bank interest rate on commercial banks. Commercial banks sometimes have shortages of money that must be borrowed to the central bank. To make the amount of money increases, the government's central bank lowers the interest rate, and vice versa raise interest rates for the sake of making money in circulation is reduced.

    
Mandatory reserve ratio (Reserve Requirement Ratio)

Compulsory reserve ratio was set amount of money in circulation by playing a number of reserves that banks must be kept on the government. To increase the amount of money, the government lowered the compulsory reserve ratio. To decrease the money supply, the government raised the ratio.
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